solidarity n : a union of interests or purposes or sympathies among members of a group
Etymologysolidarité "solidarity" < solidaire "characterized by solidarity" < solidum "whole sum", < neuter of solidus, "solid".
- A bond of unity between individuals, united
around a common goal or against a common enemy,
such as the unifying principle that defines the labor movement.
- A long time union member himself, Phil showed solidarity with the picketing grocery store workers by shopping at a competing, unionized store.
- Willingness to give psychological and/or material support when another person is
in a difficult position or needs affection.
- Only the solidarity provided by her siblings allowed Margret to cope with her mother's harrowing death.
unifying bond between individuals with common goal or enemy
psychological or material support
Solidarity ( ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity" — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność" ) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Gdańsk Shipyard, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa.
It was the first non-communist trade union in a communist country. In the 1980s it constituted a broad anti-communist social movement. The government attempted to destroy the union with the martial law of 1981 and several years of repressions, but in the end it had to start negotiating with the union. The Roundtable Talks between the weakened government and Solidarity-led opposition led to semi-free elections in 1989. By the end of August a Solidarity-led coalition government was formed and in December Wałęsa was elected President of Poland.
Since then it has become a more traditional trade union, and had relatively little impact on the political scene of Poland in the early 1990s. A political arm was founded in 1996 as Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) won the Polish parliamentary election, 1997, but lost the following Polish parliamentary election, 2001. Currently, Solidarity, or the remnants of it, has little political influence in modern Polish politics.
Solidarity began in September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyards, where Lech Wałęsa and others formed a broad anti-communist social movement ranging from people associated with the Catholic Church to members of the anti-communist Left. Solidarity advocated nonviolence in its members' activities. The government attempted to destroy the union with the martial law of 1981 and several years of repressions, but in the end it had to start negotiating with the union.
In Poland, the Roundtable Talks between the weakened government and Solidarity-led opposition led to semi-free elections in 1989. By the end of August a Solidarity-led coalition government was formed and in December Wałęsa was elected prime minister. Since 1989 Solidarity has become a more traditional trade union, and had relatively little impact on the political scene of Poland in the early 1990s. A political arm founded in 1996 as Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) won the parliamentary election in 1997, but lost the following 2001 election. Currently Solidarity has little political influence in modern Polish politics.
Catholic social teachingIn Solicitudo Rei Socialis, a major document of Catholic Social Teaching, Pope John Paul II identifies the concept of solidarity with the poor and marginalized as a constitutive element of the Gospel and human participation in the common good. The Roman Catholic Church, under the leadership of Pope John Paul II, was a very powerful supporter of the union and was greatly responsible for its success.
Influence abroadThe survival of Solidarity was an unprecedented event not only in Poland, a satellite state of the USSR ruled (in practice) by a one-party Communist regime, but the whole of the Eastern bloc. It meant a break in the hard-line stance of the communist Polish United Workers' Party, which had bloodily ended a 1970 protest with machine gun fire (killing dozens and injuring over 1,000), and the broader Soviet communist regime in the Eastern Bloc, which had quelled both the 1956 Hungarian Uprising and the 1968 Prague Spring with Soviet-led invasions.
Solidarity's influence led to the intensification and spread of anti-communist ideals and movements throughout the countries of the Eastern Bloc, weakening their communist governments. The 1989 elections in Poland where anti-communist candidates won a striking victory sparked off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
Currently, Solidarity has more than 1.1 million members. National Commission of Independent Self-Governing Trade Union is located in Gdańsk and is composed of Delegates from Regional General Congresses.
- Solidarity official English homepage
- Presentation The Solidarity Phenomenon (PL, EN, DE, FR, ES, RU)
- Solidarity 25th Anniversary Press Center
- International Conference 'From Solidarity to Freedom'
- Advice for East German propagandists on how to deal with the Solidarity movement
- The Birth of Solidarity on BBC
- Solidarity, Freedom and Economical Crisis in Poland, 1980-81
- The rise of Solidarność, Colin Barker, International Socialism, Issue: 108
- Arch Puddington, How American Unions Helps Solidarity Win
- Solidarity Lost, by Daniel Singer
- Solidarity Center Fundation - Fundacja Centrum Solidarności
- A Simple Way to Learn an Old Song A radio programme about the song "Mury", the anthem of Solidarność. In Russian with English transcript
solidarity in Afrikaans: Solidarność
solidarity in Breton: Solidarność
solidarity in Catalan: Solidarność
solidarity in Czech: Solidarita
solidarity in Danish: Solidarność
solidarity in German: Solidarność
solidarity in Spanish: Solidarność
solidarity in Esperanto: Solidareco (Pollando)
solidarity in French: Solidarność
solidarity in Croatian: Solidarnost
solidarity in Indonesian: Solidarność
solidarity in Icelandic: Samstaða
solidarity in Italian: Solidarność
solidarity in Hebrew: סולידריות (תנועה)
solidarity in Kashubian: Solidarnosc (warkòwô zrzesz)
solidarity in Lithuanian: Solidarumas
solidarity in Hungarian: Szolidaritás Független Szakszervezet
solidarity in Dutch: Solidarność
solidarity in Japanese: 独立自主管理労働組合「連帯」
solidarity in Norwegian: Solidaritet (fagforbund)
solidarity in Polish: Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność"
solidarity in Portuguese: Solidarność
solidarity in Romanian: Solidaritatea
solidarity in Russian: Солидарность (профсоюз)
solidarity in Sicilian: Solidarność
solidarity in Slovak: Solidarita (Poľsko)
solidarity in Slovenian: Solidarność
solidarity in Serbian: Солидарност
solidarity in Finnish: Solidaarisuus
solidarity in Swedish: Solidaritet (fackförening)
solidarity in Ukrainian: Солідарність (профспілка)
solidarity in Chinese: 團結工聯
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