AskDefine | Define solidarity

Dictionary Definition

solidarity n : a union of interests or purposes or sympathies among members of a group

User Contributed Dictionary

see Solidarity

English

Etymology

solidarité "solidarity" < solidaire "characterized by solidarity" < solidum "whole sum", < neuter of solidus, "solid".

Noun

  1. A bond of unity between individuals, united around a common goal or against a common enemy, such as the unifying principle that defines the labor movement.
    A long time union member himself, Phil showed solidarity with the picketing grocery store workers by shopping at a competing, unionized store.
  2. Willingness to give psychological and/or material support when another person is in a difficult position or needs affection.
    Only the solidarity provided by her siblings allowed Margret to cope with her mother's harrowing death.

Translations

unifying bond between individuals with common goal or enemy
psychological or material support

Extensive Definition

Solidarity ( ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity" — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność" ) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the Gdańsk Shipyard, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa.
It was the first non-communist trade union in a communist country. In the 1980s it constituted a broad anti-communist social movement. The government attempted to destroy the union with the martial law of 1981 and several years of repressions, but in the end it had to start negotiating with the union. The Roundtable Talks between the weakened government and Solidarity-led opposition led to semi-free elections in 1989. By the end of August a Solidarity-led coalition government was formed and in December Wałęsa was elected President of Poland.
Since then it has become a more traditional trade union, and had relatively little impact on the political scene of Poland in the early 1990s. A political arm was founded in 1996 as Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) won the Polish parliamentary election, 1997, but lost the following Polish parliamentary election, 2001. Currently, Solidarity, or the remnants of it, has little political influence in modern Polish politics.

History

Solidarity began in September 1980 at the Lenin Shipyards, where Lech Wałęsa and others formed a broad anti-communist social movement ranging from people associated with the Catholic Church to members of the anti-communist Left. Solidarity advocated nonviolence in its members' activities. The government attempted to destroy the union with the martial law of 1981 and several years of repressions, but in the end it had to start negotiating with the union.
In Poland, the Roundtable Talks between the weakened government and Solidarity-led opposition led to semi-free elections in 1989. By the end of August a Solidarity-led coalition government was formed and in December Wałęsa was elected prime minister. Since 1989 Solidarity has become a more traditional trade union, and had relatively little impact on the political scene of Poland in the early 1990s. A political arm founded in 1996 as Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) won the parliamentary election in 1997, but lost the following 2001 election. Currently Solidarity has little political influence in modern Polish politics.

Catholic social teaching

In Solicitudo Rei Socialis, a major document of Catholic Social Teaching, Pope John Paul II identifies the concept of solidarity with the poor and marginalized as a constitutive element of the Gospel and human participation in the common good. The Roman Catholic Church, under the leadership of Pope John Paul II, was a very powerful supporter of the union and was greatly responsible for its success.

Influence abroad

The survival of Solidarity was an unprecedented event not only in Poland, a satellite state of the USSR ruled (in practice) by a one-party Communist regime, but the whole of the Eastern bloc. It meant a break in the hard-line stance of the communist Polish United Workers' Party, which had bloodily ended a 1970 protest with machine gun fire (killing dozens and injuring over 1,000), and the broader Soviet communist regime in the Eastern Bloc, which had quelled both the 1956 Hungarian Uprising and the 1968 Prague Spring with Soviet-led invasions.
Solidarity's influence led to the intensification and spread of anti-communist ideals and movements throughout the countries of the Eastern Bloc, weakening their communist governments. The 1989 elections in Poland where anti-communist candidates won a striking victory sparked off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
Currently, Solidarity has more than 1.1 million members. National Commission of Independent Self-Governing Trade Union is located in Gdańsk and is composed of Delegates from Regional General Congresses.

Chairmen

Further reading

solidarity in Afrikaans: Solidarność
solidarity in Breton: Solidarność
solidarity in Catalan: Solidarność
solidarity in Czech: Solidarita
solidarity in Danish: Solidarność
solidarity in German: Solidarność
solidarity in Spanish: Solidarność
solidarity in Esperanto: Solidareco (Pollando)
solidarity in French: Solidarność
solidarity in Croatian: Solidarnost
solidarity in Indonesian: Solidarność
solidarity in Icelandic: Samstaða
solidarity in Italian: Solidarność
solidarity in Hebrew: סולידריות (תנועה)
solidarity in Kashubian: Solidarnosc (warkòwô zrzesz)
solidarity in Lithuanian: Solidarumas
solidarity in Hungarian: Szolidaritás Független Szakszervezet
solidarity in Dutch: Solidarność
solidarity in Japanese: 独立自主管理労働組合「連帯」
solidarity in Norwegian: Solidaritet (fagforbund)
solidarity in Polish: Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy "Solidarność"
solidarity in Portuguese: Solidarność
solidarity in Romanian: Solidaritatea
solidarity in Russian: Солидарность (профсоюз)
solidarity in Sicilian: Solidarność
solidarity in Slovak: Solidarita (Poľsko)
solidarity in Slovenian: Solidarność
solidarity in Serbian: Солидарност
solidarity in Finnish: Solidaarisuus
solidarity in Swedish: Solidaritet (fackförening)
solidarity in Ukrainian: Солідарність (профспілка)
solidarity in Chinese: 團結工聯

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accord, accordance, affinity, agape, agreement, amity, bipartisanship, bonds of harmony, brotherly love, camaraderie, caritas, cement of friendship, charity, coaction, coadjuvancy, coadministration, coagency, cochairmanship, codirectorship, cohesion, cohesiveness, collaboration, collaborativeness, collectivism, collusion, combination, commensalism, common effort, common enterprise, communalism, communion, communism, communitarianism, community, community of interest, community of interests, compatibility, completeness, complicity, comprehensiveness, comradeship, concert, concord, concordance, concurrence, congeniality, cooperation, cooperativeness, correspondence, duet, duumvirate, ecumenicalism, ecumenicism, ecumenism, empathy, entireness, entirety, esprit, esprit de corps, exhaustiveness, feeling of identity, fellow feeling, fellowship, firmness, fixity, frictionlessness, fusion, good vibes, good vibrations, happy family, harmony, identity, inclusiveness, individuality, indivisibility, intactness, integrality, integration, integrity, inviolability, irreducibility, joining of forces, joint effort, joint operation, kinship, like-mindedness, love, mass action, morale, mutual assistance, mutualism, mutuality, octet, omnipresence, oneness, organic unity, particularity, peace, pervasiveness, pooling, pooling of resources, pulling together, purity, quartet, quintet, rapport, rapprochement, reciprocity, selfsameness, septet, sextet, sharing, simplicity, single-mindedness, singleness, singleness of purpose, singularity, sodality, solidification, solidity, symbiosis, sympathy, symphony, synergism, synergy, team spirit, teamwork, thoroughness, togetherness, totality, trio, triumvirate, troika, ubiquity, unanimity, understanding, undividedness, unification, uniformity, union, uniqueness, unison, united action, unity, universality, univocity, wholeness
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